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CSS - vertically center an element - different methods

/* 
	Using line-height
	HTML: <p> <span>Lorem ipsum <br/> Cras [...]</span> </p>
*/

.parent-element {
    background:#ccc;
    width:200px;
    height:200px;
    line-height:200px;
    text-align:center; 
}

.element { 
    width:100px; 
    padding:10px; 
    border:1px solid #fff;
    vertical-align:middle;
    display:inline-block;
    line-height:1.2; 
    text-align:left; 
}



/*
	Using CSS transform
*/
.parent-element {
  -webkit-transform-style: preserve-3d;
  -moz-transform-style: preserve-3d;
  transform-style: preserve-3d;
}

.element {
  position: relative;
  top: 50%;
  transform: translateY(-50%);
}


/* 
	Using Absolute positioning
	Height must be declared
*/
.absolute-center {
  margin: auto;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0; left: 0; bottom: 0; right: 0;
}


/*
	Using display: table; and table-cell on the child
*/
.parent-element {
   display: table;
   width: 100%;
}
.element {
   display: table-cell;
   text-align: center;
   vertical-align: middle;
}

/*
	Using Flex
*/
.parent-element {
     display: -ms-flexbox;
    display: -webkit-flex;
    display: flex;
    display: -webkit-box;
    display: -moz-box;
    
    box-align: center;
    -webkit-box-align: center;
    box-pack: center;
    -webkit-box-pack: center;
    
    -webkit-justify-content: center; /* Safari */
    justify-content:         center;
    
    -webkit-align-items: center; /* Safari */
	align-items:         center;
}
https://snipt.net/embed/3b5886226e1dfe90c149c4b312e468bd/
/raw/3b5886226e1dfe90c149c4b312e468bd/
3b5886226e1dfe90c149c4b312e468bd
css
CSS
88
2019-07-20T13:05:24
True
False
False
/api/public/snipt/138079/
css-vertically-center-an-element-different-methods-c9dadd54
<table class="highlighttable"><tr><td class="linenos"><div class="linenodiv"><pre><a href="#L-1"> 1</a> <a href="#L-2"> 2</a> <a href="#L-3"> 3</a> <a href="#L-4"> 4</a> <a href="#L-5"> 5</a> <a href="#L-6"> 6</a> <a href="#L-7"> 7</a> <a href="#L-8"> 8</a> <a href="#L-9"> 9</a> <a href="#L-10">10</a> <a href="#L-11">11</a> <a href="#L-12">12</a> <a href="#L-13">13</a> <a href="#L-14">14</a> <a href="#L-15">15</a> <a href="#L-16">16</a> <a href="#L-17">17</a> <a href="#L-18">18</a> <a href="#L-19">19</a> <a href="#L-20">20</a> <a href="#L-21">21</a> <a href="#L-22">22</a> <a href="#L-23">23</a> <a href="#L-24">24</a> <a href="#L-25">25</a> <a href="#L-26">26</a> <a href="#L-27">27</a> <a href="#L-28">28</a> <a href="#L-29">29</a> <a href="#L-30">30</a> <a href="#L-31">31</a> <a href="#L-32">32</a> <a href="#L-33">33</a> <a href="#L-34">34</a> <a href="#L-35">35</a> <a href="#L-36">36</a> <a href="#L-37">37</a> <a href="#L-38">38</a> <a href="#L-39">39</a> <a href="#L-40">40</a> <a href="#L-41">41</a> <a href="#L-42">42</a> <a href="#L-43">43</a> <a href="#L-44">44</a> <a href="#L-45">45</a> <a href="#L-46">46</a> <a href="#L-47">47</a> <a href="#L-48">48</a> <a href="#L-49">49</a> <a href="#L-50">50</a> <a href="#L-51">51</a> <a href="#L-52">52</a> <a href="#L-53">53</a> <a href="#L-54">54</a> <a href="#L-55">55</a> <a href="#L-56">56</a> <a href="#L-57">57</a> <a href="#L-58">58</a> <a href="#L-59">59</a> <a href="#L-60">60</a> <a href="#L-61">61</a> <a href="#L-62">62</a> <a href="#L-63">63</a> <a href="#L-64">64</a> <a href="#L-65">65</a> <a href="#L-66">66</a> <a href="#L-67">67</a> <a href="#L-68">68</a> <a href="#L-69">69</a> <a href="#L-70">70</a> <a href="#L-71">71</a> <a href="#L-72">72</a> <a href="#L-73">73</a> <a href="#L-74">74</a> <a href="#L-75">75</a> <a href="#L-76">76</a> <a href="#L-77">77</a> <a href="#L-78">78</a> <a href="#L-79">79</a> <a href="#L-80">80</a> <a href="#L-81">81</a> <a href="#L-82">82</a> <a href="#L-83">83</a> <a href="#L-84">84</a> <a href="#L-85">85</a> <a href="#L-86">86</a></pre></div></td><td class="code"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span id="L-1"><a name="L-1"></a><span class="c">/* </span> </span><span id="L-2"><a name="L-2"></a><span class="c"> Using line-height</span> </span><span id="L-3"><a name="L-3"></a><span class="c"> HTML: &lt;p&gt; &lt;span&gt;Lorem ipsum &lt;br/&gt; Cras [...]&lt;/span&gt; &lt;/p&gt;</span> </span><span id="L-4"><a name="L-4"></a><span class="c">*/</span> </span><span id="L-5"><a name="L-5"></a> </span><span id="L-6"><a name="L-6"></a><span class="nc">.parent-element</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-7"><a name="L-7"></a> <span class="nb">background</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">#ccc</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-8"><a name="L-8"></a> <span class="nb">width</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">200px</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-9"><a name="L-9"></a> <span class="nb">height</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">200px</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-10"><a name="L-10"></a> <span class="nb">line-height</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">200px</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-11"><a name="L-11"></a> <span class="nb">text-align</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-12"><a name="L-12"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span><span id="L-13"><a name="L-13"></a> </span><span id="L-14"><a name="L-14"></a><span class="nc">.element</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-15"><a name="L-15"></a> <span class="nb">width</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">100px</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-16"><a name="L-16"></a> <span class="nb">padding</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">10px</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-17"><a name="L-17"></a> <span class="nb">border</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">1px</span> <span class="nb">solid</span> <span class="m">#fff</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-18"><a name="L-18"></a> <span class="nb">vertical-align</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="nb">middle</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-19"><a name="L-19"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="nb">inline</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="nb">block</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-20"><a name="L-20"></a> <span class="nb">line-height</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="m">1</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="m">2</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-21"><a name="L-21"></a> <span class="nb">text-align</span><span class="o">:</span><span class="nb">left</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-22"><a name="L-22"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span><span id="L-23"><a name="L-23"></a> </span><span id="L-24"><a name="L-24"></a> </span><span id="L-25"><a name="L-25"></a> </span><span id="L-26"><a name="L-26"></a><span class="c">/*</span> </span><span id="L-27"><a name="L-27"></a><span class="c"> Using CSS transform</span> </span><span id="L-28"><a name="L-28"></a><span class="c">*/</span> </span><span id="L-29"><a name="L-29"></a><span class="nc">.parent-element</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-30"><a name="L-30"></a> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">webkit</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">transform</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">style</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="n">preserve</span><span class="m">-3</span><span class="n">d</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-31"><a name="L-31"></a> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">moz</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">transform</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">style</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="n">preserve</span><span class="m">-3</span><span class="n">d</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-32"><a name="L-32"></a> <span class="n">transform</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">style</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="n">preserve</span><span class="m">-3</span><span class="n">d</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-33"><a name="L-33"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span><span id="L-34"><a name="L-34"></a> </span><span id="L-35"><a name="L-35"></a><span class="nc">.element</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-36"><a name="L-36"></a> <span class="nb">position</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">relative</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-37"><a name="L-37"></a> <span class="nb">top</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="m">50%</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-38"><a name="L-38"></a> <span class="n">transform</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="n">translateY</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="m">-50%</span><span class="p">);</span> </span><span id="L-39"><a name="L-39"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span><span id="L-40"><a name="L-40"></a> </span><span id="L-41"><a name="L-41"></a> </span><span id="L-42"><a name="L-42"></a><span class="c">/* </span> </span><span id="L-43"><a name="L-43"></a><span class="c"> Using Absolute positioning</span> </span><span id="L-44"><a name="L-44"></a><span class="c"> Height must be declared</span> </span><span id="L-45"><a name="L-45"></a><span class="c">*/</span> </span><span id="L-46"><a name="L-46"></a><span class="nc">.absolute-center</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-47"><a name="L-47"></a> <span class="nb">margin</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">auto</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-48"><a name="L-48"></a> <span class="nb">position</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">absolute</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-49"><a name="L-49"></a> <span class="nb">top</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="m">0</span><span class="p">;</span> <span class="nb">left</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="m">0</span><span class="p">;</span> <span class="nb">bottom</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="m">0</span><span class="p">;</span> <span class="nb">right</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="m">0</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-50"><a name="L-50"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span><span id="L-51"><a name="L-51"></a> </span><span id="L-52"><a name="L-52"></a> </span><span id="L-53"><a name="L-53"></a><span class="c">/*</span> </span><span id="L-54"><a name="L-54"></a><span class="c"> Using display: table; and table-cell on the child</span> </span><span id="L-55"><a name="L-55"></a><span class="c">*/</span> </span><span id="L-56"><a name="L-56"></a><span class="nc">.parent-element</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-57"><a name="L-57"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="n">table</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-58"><a name="L-58"></a> <span class="nb">width</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="m">100%</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-59"><a name="L-59"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span><span id="L-60"><a name="L-60"></a><span class="nc">.element</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-61"><a name="L-61"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">table-cell</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-62"><a name="L-62"></a> <span class="nb">text-align</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-63"><a name="L-63"></a> <span class="nb">vertical-align</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">middle</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-64"><a name="L-64"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span><span id="L-65"><a name="L-65"></a> </span><span id="L-66"><a name="L-66"></a><span class="c">/*</span> </span><span id="L-67"><a name="L-67"></a><span class="c"> Using Flex</span> </span><span id="L-68"><a name="L-68"></a><span class="c">*/</span> </span><span id="L-69"><a name="L-69"></a><span class="nc">.parent-element</span> <span class="p">{</span> </span><span id="L-70"><a name="L-70"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">ms</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">flexbox</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-71"><a name="L-71"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">webkit</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">flex</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-72"><a name="L-72"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="n">flex</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-73"><a name="L-73"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">webkit</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">box</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-74"><a name="L-74"></a> <span class="nb">display</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">moz</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">box</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-75"><a name="L-75"></a> </span><span id="L-76"><a name="L-76"></a> <span class="n">box</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">align</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-77"><a name="L-77"></a> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">webkit</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">box</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">align</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-78"><a name="L-78"></a> <span class="n">box</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">pack</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-79"><a name="L-79"></a> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">webkit</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">box</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">pack</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-80"><a name="L-80"></a> </span><span id="L-81"><a name="L-81"></a> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">webkit</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="nb">justify</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="nb">content</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> <span class="c">/* Safari */</span> </span><span id="L-82"><a name="L-82"></a> <span class="nb">justify</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="nb">content</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-83"><a name="L-83"></a> </span><span id="L-84"><a name="L-84"></a> <span class="o">-</span><span class="n">webkit</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">align</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">items</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> <span class="c">/* Safari */</span> </span><span id="L-85"><a name="L-85"></a> <span class="n">align</span><span class="o">-</span><span class="n">items</span><span class="o">:</span> <span class="nb">center</span><span class="p">;</span> </span><span id="L-86"><a name="L-86"></a><span class="p">}</span> </span></pre></div> </td></tr></table>
center, css, vertical