Wildcard based extracting

You can also extract those files that match a specific globbing pattern (wildcards). For example, to extract from cbz.tar all files that begin with pic, no matter their directory prefix, you could type:
$ tar -xf cbz.tar --wildcards --no-anchored 'pic*'
To extract all php files, enter:
$ tar -xf cbz.tar --wildcards --no-anchored '*.php'

Where,

    * -x: instructs tar to extract files.
    * -f: specifies filename / tarball name.
    * -v: Verbose (show progress while extracting files).
    * -j : filter archive through bzip2, use to decompress .bz2 files.
    * -z: filter archive through gzip, use to decompress .gz files.
    * --wildcards: instructs tar to treat command line arguments as globbing patterns.
    * --no-anchored: informs it that the patterns apply to member names after any / delimiter.